How Does An Excavating Contractor Work?
Excavation contractors perform a variety of tasks on site, but their main job is to dig up and evaluate site areas for potential building, farming, manufacturing, etc. Projects can range from private residences to commercial facilities like an airport or a power plant. There are many factors that determine the size and scope of an excavation contractor’s work. These include the size of the job, the equipment available, and the budget. An important aspect of any excavation contractor’s work is his ability to comply with any state and local laws.
Excavation contractors also dig, move and evaluate the soil using heavy equipment for different construction projects. The most popular jobs include grading, trenching and landscaping. Trenching involves digging down to the soil’s original surface, or to a depth of six inches, to install pipes, sewage lines, drainage systems, electricity poles, and other underground utilities. Sometimes, the depth of the dig may be up to one foot. After the dirt is excavated, the contractor may place drains, liners, and pads, or may even apply a layer of top soil to the area to protect the dirt and make it easier to manage later on.
Grading refers to the process of grading the ground to create a smooth playing field for planting. Sometimes, the contractor may choose to have the soil moved or may even do both if the ground is very steep. In either case, it is important to know that grading requires digging. Grading is especially important when doing trenching or other large excavation jobs, as the increased depth may also require more excavation. For this reason, a well-trained excavation contractor should be hired to accomplish these tasks.
Trenches, while relatively straight and narrow, may seem more intimidating than they are. Excavation contractors are trained in the best methods to use in order to make the holes go as deep as possible without scarring up the ground. There are a variety of machines that are available for use in the excavation of heavy machinery, such as backhoes, skid-steers, earth graders, cranes, bulldozers, and more. They are also well-trained in the use of various chemicals and equipment to keep the job moving and to protect all parties. This can be especially important when construction is taking place near water, such as a septic tank or other water source, and involves moving dirt or heavy equipment into or out of a body of water.
As excavation contractors see the job getting underway, they will begin planning and preparing the site. They will plan where the utility lines will be located, how long they will be there, the amount of soil needed, the size of the digging machine that will be used, and how many workers will be involved in the excavation process. As they move closer to the actual construction date, they may need to make additional preparations to prepare the area for the construction, such as laying new pipes or electrical wiring. Workers will also need to make other arrangements for parking, temporary living quarters, security, and other tasks that may be required. While many construction companies offer on site staff just as the excavation contractor would, it may be necessary for a company to rent or purchase several equipment pieces before the construction begins.
Many excavation contractors operate by themselves, but if they have hired outside help for some of their excavation work, they will need to arrange for employees to work in their absence. It can be difficult for a single person to handle everything that needs to be done, especially if there are a lot of jobs to be done. Some excavation contractors have looked into buying mobile extraction units so that they can manage excavation work anywhere in the country. It is usually cheaper to pay for portable equipment than to buy and maintain an in-house mobile equipment engine. However, these tend to be expensive and time consuming, so even when a contractor does have one, it will most likely be reserved only for large projects.